What’s in a FICO® score?
FICO Scores are calculated from a lot of different credit data in your credit report. This data can be grouped into five categories as outlined
below. The percentages in the chart reflect how important each of the categories is in determining your FICO score. These percentages are based
on the importance of the five categories for the general population. For particular groups - for example, people who have not been using credit
long - the importance of these categories may be somewhat different.
Payment History – 35%
Account payment information on specific types of accounts (credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans, finance company
accounts, mortgage, etc.)
Presence of adverse public records (bankruptcy, judgments, suits, liens, wage attachments, etc.), collection items, and/or delinquency
(past due items)
Severity of delinquency (how long past due)
Amount past due on delinquent accounts or collection items
Time since past due items (delinquency), adverse public records (if any), or collection items (if any)
Number of past due items on file
Number of accounts paid as agreed
Amounts Owed – 30%
Amount owing on accounts
Amount owing on specific types of accounts
Lack of a specific type of balance, in some cases
Number of accounts with balances
Proportion of credit lines used (proportion of balances to total credit limits on certain types of revolving accounts)
Proportion of installment loan amounts still owing (proportion of balance to original loan amount on certain types of installment
Length of Credit History – 15%
Time since accounts opened
Time since accounts opened, by specific type of account
Time since account activity
New Credit – 10%
Number of recently opened accounts, and proportion of accounts that are recently opened, by type of account
Number of recent credit inquiries
Time since recent account opening(s), by type of account
Time since credit inquiry(s)
Re-establishment of positive credit history following past payment problems
Types of Credit Used – 10%
Number of (presence, prevalence, and recent information on) various types of accounts (credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans, mortgage, consumer finance accounts, etc.)
A FICO score takes into consideration all these categories of information, not just one or two.
No one piece of information or factor alone will determine your score.
The importance of any factor depends on the overall information in your credit report.
For some people, a given factor may be more important than for someone else with a different credit history. In addition, as the information in your credit report changes, so does the importance of any factor in determining your FICO score? Thus, it's impossible to say exactly how important any single factor is in determining your score - even the levels of importance shown here are for the general population, and will be different for different credit profiles. What's important is the mix of information, which varies from person to person, and for any one person over time.
Your FICO score only looks at information in your credit report.
However, lenders look at many things when making a credit decision including your income, how long you have worked at your present job and the kind of credit you are requesting.
Your score considers both positive and negative information in your credit report.
Late payments will lower your score, but establishing or re-establishing a good track record of making payments on time will raise your FICO credit score.
What is a good score?
FICO scores range from 300-850 and most people score in the 600s and 700s (higher FICO scores are better). FICO scores above 750 are considered excellent, scores around 700 good, scores around 600 fair and scores under 600 poor.
Boosting FICO Scores
Credit scores change when new information is reported by creditors. So scores will improve over time when customers manage their credit responsibly.
Paying bills on time
Keep balances low on credit cards
Pay off debt rather than moving it between credit cards
Apply for and open new credit accounts only when you need them
When payments are missed, get them current and keep them current
Check credit report for accuracy
DJ | Daniel Joseph Sessions
Professional Mortgage Advisor | NMLS.271823
Direct: 937.789.7987 | EFax: 513.672.9509